It is important to be aware of these first aid myths in an emergency so that you can respond to a casualty effectively. Take a look at what not to do when you encounter a medical emergency and what you should do instead.
There appears to be a lot of confusion about which way to tilt your head when you are having a nosebleed and the effects of which way you tilt your head. By tilting your head back, you encourage the blood down into your body which could cause you to swallow or choke on the blood.
The best way to stop the bleeding is to pinch your nose and tilt forwards. If the blood continues to run for over 30 minutes, consult medical advice.
This long-term old wives tale was thought to cool the burn and ease the pain. Unfortunately, although it can do this for a brief while, the butter will seal off the air from the burn. By sealing off the air on a still quite warm burn, you keep the heat in and continue to burn the skin. It just shows that first aid myths could do more harm than help.
The first thing you should do with a burn is cool it by running it under cold water for around twenty minutes. This will create both a cooling and numbing effect, which will stop the skin from burning and ease the pain. Once you have cooled your burn, cover it up with a sterile wrap and seek medical attention. See this link from the NHS for more here.
CPR is one of the most important things you can do to keep someone is in cardiac arrest alive. CPR can be vital in maintaining a casualty until the emergency services take over.
The best way to fathom whether a casualty is breathing or not is through the primary survey or DRABC.
If you have conducted DRABC and are still unsure of the casualty breathing, continue with chest compressions anyway.
This one again is one of those first aid myths. To conduct CPR the standard way, you must do 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths. Repeat this until the emergency services arrive.
If you don’t feel comfortable giving rescue breaths, chest compressions help keep blood flowing to the brain and keep you stable. Although the breath helps to aerate the blood, any blood to the brain is helpful.
Firstly if you need some advice on using a defibrillator (AED), take a look at our guide here. AED’s are positioned in public places for everyone’s use. The machine will guide you through how to use the electric shocks; you don’t have to be trained professionals to use a defibrillator.
For more on how to use an AED, you can attend a First Aid Training Course with 3B Training.
Take a look at how first aid training can be beneficial in the event of a serious injury during sport here.
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